Saturday, 16 November 2013

Pazhamudircholai Murgan , Vallis Garden


This is the sixth abode of Lord Muruga which lies about 19 km away from Madurai, Tamil Nadu. Lord Muruga stands on the top of the hill which can be reached by the motarable road, and he is called “Solaimalai Murugan” here. This very beautiful shrine is surrounded by green woods, shrubs and hills. At the foot of hills is the, “Alagar Kovil” temple which is one of the important temples of Lord Vishnu.

Pazhamudircholai is the abode where Lord Muruga stands with both his consorts Shri Valli and Shri Deivanai. Though the temple is the simplest of all, it is the most beautiful one amidst natural sceneries.

At the entrance of Pazhamudircholai there is a temple called Azhagar Kovil, the deity being Lord Vishnu in the form of a protector, safeguarding Lord Muruga. Pazhamudircholai is a hill, which is rich in fruits, vegetables and flowers. It is a dense forest where "Valli" is supposed to have lived. It is a small temple with Valli, Deivanay, and Lord Muruga in a separate shrine. Lord Ganesha is also present in a separate shrine.

Pazhamudircholai is a hill rich in fruits, vegetables and flowers. It is a dense forest where “Valli” is supposed to have lived. There is a temple tower and monkeys abound around the area. It is a fertile hill with many natural springs and herbs.

Although there are hundreds of temples in Tamil Nadu for Lord Muruga, these six temples called the “Arupadaiveedu” are very famous, and devotees throng them throughout the year. It is in these places the legends of Lord Muruga are associated.

About Legend:-

This Pazhamudircholai Lord Murugan is praised in old Tamil literature such as Silappathikaram, Ettuthokai, Pattupattu etc. The great Tamil poet and saint Avvaiyar had been tested by Lord Murga here.

In order to play with Avvaiyar who was one of the very famous devotees of Lord Muruga, the Lord played a drama. One day Avvaiyar became tired while travelling because of very hot summer and so came under the shadow of a fruit tree. She was very hungry and thirsty. At that time, a small boy who was sitting on the tree asked her whether she wanted fruits from the tree. Avvaiyar told that she wanted fruits. At that time the boy asked Avvaiyar whether she wanted roasted fruits or unroasted fruits. Avvaiyar who was a famous Tamil poet, litterateur and having indepth knowledge in Tamil thought,"Is there any roasted fruit in the world?" and decided that the small boy didn't have knowledge even about a fruit.

But, as she was very tired, she didn't want to argue with the small boy and asked him to pick roasted fruits for her. The boy shook the tree and so fruits fell under the tree. The mud under the tree had stuck on the fruit. Avvaiyar took the fruits and blew on the fruit to remove the mud. It was observed that as the fruits were roasted and had become warm, Avvaiyar had blown the fruits to cool them. At that time, the small boy asked Avvaiyar whether the fruits were warm? Avvaiyar was astonished, "How had a small village cowboy played such an intelligent drama? She had thought that the small boy had no knowledge about fruits and how the fruits in the tree may become roasted fruits. But blowing the air on the fruit to remove the mud is like blowing air to reduce the heat as the fruit is roasted. What a beautiful comparison.

Such a beautiful comparison would not have risen in her mind even though she had gained rich knowledge in Tamil." She asked the small boy, "Who are you actually?" At ,the small boy disappeared and in his place, Lord Muruga appeared. Now Avvaiyar realized that it was a play of God and she understood that there were more and more things that she had to learn. She bowed to Lord Muruga and requested him to bestow her with bountiful knowledge.

About Temple:-

This temple is mentioned as the sixth Arupadai veedu. The place is full of natural beauty and sylvan surroundings. This hill is also known as Virshabhadri or Idabagiri. Most scholars , priests and devotees identify this as the pazhamudircholai , twelve miles north of madurai in the alagar hills.
And this temple is not as large or bustling as the other five recognised shrines , it is just as incredible to visit. At the top of the hill is Noopura Ganga , a perennial waterfall with a temple dedicated to Rakkayi amman . the Noopura Ganga is said to be orignated from the anklet of Tirumal or Vishnu and hence the name of the spring.

Though the stala is of ancient origin , the temple as in existence today was constructed only recently. From days of Yore Vel has been worshipped as the moolavar or main deity. The idol of Lord Muruga in a standing posture has a single face and four hands with Vallu and Teyvayanai on both sides. The vel made up of stone is of special significance and is worshipped with great veneration by devotees.
The sthala Viriksha is a rose apple tree. The fruits of this tree ripen during skanda Sashti festival. The temple that was in existence during sangam period no longer existed in Arunagirinatha's time. The recently constructed temple is considered as Pazhamudircholai and worshipped by devoteed.

About Deity:-

Here Murugan is worshiped along with his consorts Valli as Iccha Shakti and Devayani as Kriya Shakti and  himself as Jnana Shakti. The idol of the lord in standing posture with a single face and four hands is kept between the idols of his consorts. The Vel (spear) of the lord made up of stone is of special significance and is worshipped with a great veneration by devotees.

A natural spring called Noopura Ganga with a temple dedicated to Raakkayi Amman is located at the top of the hill. Pilgrims to the temple take a dip in this small, sacred spring which is said to have originated from the anklet of Lord Vishnu. It is believed that the devotees who worship at this shrine are blessed with wealth and health. The Silambar river flows near the temple.

At the down hills, there is a Vishnu Temple, called Azhagar Kovil.
There is beautiful stone image of Vishnu, called Soundara Rajan, the Azhagar in Tamil.  He is with Soundara Valli, Sri Lakshmi, the consort.  This is a later construction,.after  Muruga's temple.  This is praised by Azhwars, the Vaishanava Tamil Saints.  In Vaishnva Tamil works, it is called Tirumal Irum Cholai, the garden where Vishnu rests.

  Special Days In Pazhamudircholai Temple:-

    Panguni Uthiram-It is celebrated in the month of March
    Vaikasi Visakam-Clebrated in the month of Vaigaasi. Visakam is Lord Muruga’s birthday star.
    Kandha Sashti-Kanta Shasti Vratam is observed once a year in the month of ‘Aippasi' (October–November) starting from the ‘piratamai' the 1st phase of the brightening moon.
    Aadi Krithigai-This is celebrated in the month of May/June.

 Nearest Major Town/City:-

    Madurai - 9 km from Madurai to pazhamudhircholai

How to Reach:-

    By Air:-

    The nearest airport to Pazhamudhircholai is in Madurai
    By Train:-
    The nearest railway station is Madurai
    By Road:-
    Regular buses are available from Madurai.

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